Gastrointestinal Surgeon / Gastrosurgeon
Bowel Resection Surgery – Know Working Of It!
The bowel is a very important part of your body within the digestive system as it plays a vital role in the absorption of nutrients and minerals within your body as well as excreting toxic matter. The bowel contains the small bowel or small intestine as well as the large bowel or the large intestine. However, parts of the bowel may be infected or damaged in such a manner that they may need to be removed in order to save further worsening. Thus, the removal of sections of the bowels is known as bowel resection surgery.
Dr Atul Mishra is an eminent gastrointestinal surgeon with experience of more than 25years and excellent results. 𝐃𝐫. 𝐌𝐢𝐬𝐡𝐫𝐚 𝐢𝐬 𝐬𝐤𝐢𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐝 𝐢𝐧 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐭𝐲𝐩𝐞𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐚𝐝𝐯𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐩𝐞𝐧 𝐚𝐛𝐝𝐨𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐥 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐥𝐚𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐨𝐬𝐜𝐨𝐩𝐢𝐜 𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐬. 𝐇𝐞 𝐢𝐬 𝐞𝐱𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐭 𝐢𝐧 𝐥𝐚𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐨𝐬𝐜𝐨𝐩𝐢𝐜 𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐢𝐚 𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐫𝐲, 𝐆𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐛𝐥𝐚𝐝𝐝𝐞𝐫 𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐫𝐲, 𝐀𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐨𝐦𝐲, 𝐒𝐩𝐥𝐞𝐧𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐨𝐦𝐲, 𝐑𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐚𝐥 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐥𝐚𝐩𝐬𝐞 𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐚𝐢𝐫, 𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐫𝐲 𝐨𝐟 𝐩𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐬, 𝐥𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐫, 𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐦𝐚𝐜𝐡, 𝐜𝐨𝐥𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐫𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐮𝐦. 𝐇𝐞 𝐡𝐚𝐬 𝐢𝐦𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐬𝐞 𝐞𝐱𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐢𝐧 𝐨𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐞𝐱 𝐟𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐮𝐥𝐚 𝐢𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐨, 𝐩𝐢𝐥𝐨𝐧𝐢𝐝𝐚𝐥 𝐬𝐢𝐧𝐮𝐬 (𝐥𝐢𝐦𝐛𝐞𝐫𝐠 𝐟𝐥𝐚𝐩).
How is bowel resection surgery performed?
In this procedure, sections of either the large intestine or the small intestine are removed which have either become diseased, infected or have malignant growths within them. The doctors and surgeons first identify the sections that need to be removed and then perform the surgery wherein a section of the tissue is excised and then two ends of the bowel are stitched together to form a new section of continuous small intestine or large intestine.
Types of bowel resection
There are two types of bowel resection, namely small bowel resection performed on the small intestine and large bowel resection performed on the large intestine. The indications for both of them are mentioned below:
Small Bowel resection: Some of the cases wherein small bowel resection may be required are as follows:
• Cancerous or benign polyps or growth
• Precancerous growths and polyps
• Damage to the small intestine due to injuries
• Congenital defects in the small intestine
• Blockages in the intestine
• Growth of ulcers, bleeding, and infection within the small intestine
• Infections within the intestines
• Other disorders of the small intestine
Large bowel resection: Large bowel resection is also carried out due to many of the same reasons as mentioned above. However, some of the specific reasons for large bowel resection are mentioned below:
• Colon cancer
• Diverticulitis, disorder that specifically affects the large intestine
• Bowel inflammation or ulcerative colitis
• Abnormal twisting of the bowel also known as volvulus
• Intestines which slide into another section of the intestine; also known as intussusception
Risks of the bowel resection
Like any other surgery, bowel resection also carries its own risks just as any other form of surgery. Some of the common risks of bowel resection are –
• Adverse reaction to anesthesia
• Heart attacks or strokes during the operation
• Excessive bleeding among others
Specific risks for large and small bowel resections are mentioned as follows:
• Small bowel resection: Certain common risks include accumulation of pus in the abdomen, internal bleeding within the intestine after surgery, diarrhea, infection of the incision area and the stitched area breaking open among others
• Large bowel resection: In this case, tissues protruding through the cut causing an incisional hernia is the most common element of risk. Nearby organs may be damaged as well; scar tissue, problems with the passage of material within the colon among others are some of the other complications.
However, these issues occur rarely and resections are performed very successfully and quite regularly by surgeons.
𝗬𝗼𝘂 𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘁𝗰𝗵 𝗮 𝘃𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗼 𝗼𝗳 𝗟𝗮𝗽𝗮𝗿𝗼𝘀𝗰𝗼pic surgery 𝗳𝗼𝗿 cancer rectum (Large Intestine) 𝗱𝗼𝗻𝗲 𝗯𝘆 𝗗𝗿 𝗔𝘁𝘂𝗹 𝗠𝗶𝘀𝗵𝗿𝗮 𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝗬𝗼𝘂 𝗧𝘂𝗯𝗲 𝗖𝗵𝗮𝗻𝗻𝗲𝗹
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